Via Julia Augusta: In the footsteps of the Romans
At the time the mountains were mostly undiscovered, dangerous, and difficult to access. That is why this road was an important coastal route through La Turbie, Beausoleil, Roquebrune-Cap-Martin and Menton.
Completed by Emperor Augustus in the year 13 B.C., the Via Julia Augusta is a cross-border lane with several exceptional sites.
A magnificent journey to understand the History of this exceptional Roman itinerary!
A discovery route through four sites was created, reconstructing and redrawing the legendary axis of Via Julia Augusta. This route allows you to contemplate the exceptional history that punctuates the way.
- The August’s Trophy, erected in the village of La Turbie in 7-6 B.C., was commissioned by Roman Emperor Augustus to assert and celebrate his victory over the people of the Alps. He also wanted to send the strong political message that the conquered territories where now ‘Romanised’. The conquest began in 25 B.C. with the war against the Salasses du Val d’Aoste.
- Classified as a monument historique (historical monument) since 1939, the Mont of Mules culminates at an altitude of 291 meters over the village of Beausoleil. It still has visible traces of an old fortified habitat referred to as oppidum, constructed before the creation of the Via Julia Augusta. At the top of the site is an orientation table from which walkers can enjoy a panoramic view of the Mediterranean Sea and all the main coastal cities.
- The Tomb of Villa Lumone, built at Cap-Martin, illustrates the relationships between rituals of death and Via Julia Augusta. This is an important funerary monument and it still has its front facade and three vaulted arches with traces of decoration visible, as well as two remaining floors of a funeral enclosure.